At the August 2014 census, there were 179,509 inhabitants in the metropolitan area of Greater Nouméa (French:agglomération du Grand Nouméa), 100,237 of whom lived in the city (commune) of Nouméa proper. 66.8% of the population of New Caledonia live in Greater Nouméa, which covers the communes of Nouméa, Le Mont-Dore, Dumbéa and Païta.
The first European to establish a settlement in the vicinity was British trader James Paddon in 1851. Anxious to assert control of the island, the French established a settlement nearby three years later in 1854, moving from Balade in the north of the island. This settlement was initially called Port-de-France and was renamed Nouméa in 1866. The area served first as a penal colony, later as a centre for the exploitation of the nickel and gold that was mined nearby.
Noumea Risbec, 1928 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) is a junior homonym of Noumea Fauvel, 1874 (Arthropoda: Coleoptera), a name in current use. Verconia Pruvot-Fol, 1931 was recognized as a synonym of Noumea Risbec by Johnson & Gosliner (2012) and is here used for species of the chromodoridid group previously known as Noumea.
Species in the genus Noumea include:
All these have become synonyms in the genus Verconia.
The first few prisoners have been transferred to New Caledonia's new jail in Kone from the overcrowded Camp-Est prison in Noumea... It has the capacity to accommodate 120 inmates who will be offered rehabilitation programmes.
Gondwana-2 will go from Nouville, a district in Noumea to Suva in Fiji." ... So indeed we are securing the agglomeration of Noumea which accommodates 300 thousand people in the 3 communes surrounding Noumea," Gervolino said.